Beginner’s Bible: Golf Wedges

What are golf wedges used for?

If you’re looking at developing your golf equipment to suit your game, wedges are an essential additional to your gear. Most iron package sets come with at least one wedge such as a pitching wedge, however some are essential to purchase separately. When approaching harder to hit shots with difficult angles, including shots from within the fairways, sand and rough, golf wedges are the best choice. Whilst these are technically considered as specialised irons, they have a high loft and can make it much easier to get the ball off the ground. Golf wedges are typically used to obtain higher precision in short game shots.

The loft angle of a wedge is the angle between the hosel/shaft and the head, the loft angle will impact how far your ball will go and the angle of attack on the ball. Generally, if you begin with a pitching wedge of 45 degrees or less, it is ideal to add three more wedges that are spaced out by several degrees each time. This will insure that you have every angle necessary to tackle any shot in your bag.


There are four different types of wedges that golfers use; pitching wedge, gap wedge, lob wedge and sand wedge. Not all four are essential and they have different features and uses. Wedges can be used to lift the ball into the air for a shorter distance, typically to avoid trees and other hazards.

Pitching Wedge:

A pitching wedge is the option that will typically be included in most iron sets that you purchase and it will typically be the lowest lofted wedge with between 45 and 50 degrees. After a nine iron, the pitching wedge should be the most lofted club in your bag. Typically, the pitching wedge is considered the 10th iron and can be used in a full swing motion for distance or in a chipping motion to move the ball from a hazard, bunker etc about 25-40 yards.

45-50 Degrees

Gap Wedge:

A gap wedge, so named because it typically bridges the ‘gap’ between a pitching wedge and a sand wedge, will typically be between 50 and 54 degrees. In classic golf during the 1960s, pitching wedges were around 51 degrees but were changed to between 45 and 50, leaving a large gap between that and a sand wedge of 54 and 58 degrees. Having a gap wedge in your bag will mean that you will not have to reduce your swing to attempt to hit a difficult shot and will offer you greater accuracy.

50-54 Degrees

Sand Wedge:

A sand wedge, appropriately named for use in sandy bunkers, ranges between 54 and 58 degrees. Similar to other wedges, it can be used as an iron in full swing, but provides the added benefit of control on difficult surfaces. The design of the sand wedge typically involves a shorter shaft and allows players to scoop the ball out of sand bunkers.

54-58 Degrees

Lob Wedge:

A Lob wedge is the highest degree of wedge, from between 60 and 64 degrees and is best used for getting a high trajectory on a short distance shot. These shots will normally have a high arc and are the most useful at getting height in your shot. In addition to this, as opposed to using an iron for this shot, the ball will generally roll less on impact with the ground.

60-64 Degrees


The bounce angle used of your wedges will depend on the wedge itself, the land surface playing on and your specific playstyle. This is why having a custom fitting for golf wedges can especially improve your game and your bounce angles can be calculated for you. There are tools accessible including the Mizuno Bluetooth Shaft Optimizer and Swing DNA software that can help to optimise your angles based on three swings of an iron.

Browse our selection of wedges with different finishes from brand names including TaylorMade, Titleist, Mizuno, Odyssey and more online today.

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